Thursday, December 8, 2011
In her public works, Miss Salcedo makes use of ordinary household objects such as old tables and chairs. She then turns such objects into metaphors for the suffering experienced by the victims of violence and injustice. According to Miss Salcedo, the large-scale projects she creates are profoundly affected by the unsettled political situation in her home country. In fact, her sculptures are made in response to testimony from victims of Colombia's violence and terror. Miss Salcedo is an artist that uses her work to raise public awareness of the injustice that still exists today. Doris Salcedo is a fascinating artist and individual that everyone should know about.
Tuesday, December 6, 2011
My final project, which is titled “Cultural Censorship”, is about the controversial Burqa Ban in France. Passed a little more than a year ago, the burqa ban prohibits women from wearing any veils that cover their head and face in a public place. This ban is a violation of human rights, religious rights, and most of all women’s rights. This ban violates their freedom to express their religion and their culture. To many women, the veils in which cover their head and face are apart of their identity and a large representation of their belief. To ban women from expressing themselves because the public needs a sense of safety is going to allow future laws to be passed in order to ban other forms of self-expression. Women who wear burqas have now been stripped of their right to choose. Many are against the ban on veils. One artist in particular is Princess Hijab. She is a guerilla graffiti artist who is anonymous. In protest against the burqa ban she takes a black marker and draws burqas on popular advertisement posters that are found throughout the city of Paris, France. She purposely chooses the advertisements that are found in popular and busy intersections and also subway stations. She chooses advertisements in which sells a sense of sexiness along with the products. Another form of protest is videos put out by NiqaBitch. NiqaBitch consists of two women who walk down the streets of Paris wearing revealing clothes. Both Princess Hijab and NiqaBitch are protesting the burqa ban on a platform that mocks the irony in popular advertisement and the sex that it sells while banning a form of self-expression that supports the belief that a woman is more than her physical attributes.
Art in Sub-Sahara Africa has been around for as long as the people have occupied the land; however, art was made with goals other than for decorative purposes or story- telling.
African art was made mostly in forms of carving, sculptures and masks using mediums such as wood, iron, silver, clay, stone, gold and other hard mediums. These were made mostly for religious purposes to honor or represent the gods the locals believed in; there were also masks made for ceremonial purposes. The closest thing to fine art as defined today (water, oil, acrylic painting on Canvas) would be some rare cave paintings found in a few Sub Saharan African countries.
Until recently, the countries of Sub-Sahara Africa had no recorded history written by the locals, what is known comes either from journals of westerners who explored the region as colonists and evangelists or from word of mouth passed down through generations among the locals. Because of this, there is no way of assigning a particular ancient piece of art to its original maker, rather these arts pieces are tracked by the area of origin. So, although women are very much represented in African arts, there is no way of knowing if and to what extent women impacted the arts as artists themselves.
Only recently with the influence from the west did art become recognized as a powerful tool to carry messages or as an essential part of culture. In many areas people who do not understand its importance still consider it to be just a waste of time for those people making it and waste of money for those buying them. Women are becoming more and more prominent on this front although they still are very much undervalued.
African art history has had untold influence on the global art world. However with a new attitude towards art and further education on its importance within a culture, arts in Africa is destined to gain more significance and the women of Sub Sahara Africa will be among those to hold a leading role in driving it forward as they address social/ political issues, and seek to have a greater impact in society.
The three artists that I explore further in my project are Navtoj Altaf, Nalini Malani, and Mona Kamal. All three women are influenced by different subjects: need to bring about social change for women and children living in villages, need to depict the image that the Partition of India in 1947 cast on women at the time and how (if) it has changed since, and the need to piece together the puzzle of migratory history in order to better understand a place of belonging and achieve a sense of identity.
These women artists all draw on their heritage and the contradictions that come with it, but as they move along,they are marking their own places in a rapidly changing society.
Here is a video installation by artist, Mona Kamal, that offers one perspective about how one can piece together migratory history through faint memories, photographs, thoughts, physical locations, and through feelings that are evoked by visiting these old locations.
Final Paper:Nidhi Patel
Women were very much a part of this movement; in fact, one of the founders was female artist Varvara Stepanova. Other artists include Alexandra Exter and Liubov Popova.
Varvara Stepanova, Designs for Sports Clothing (1923)
Liubov Popova, Painterly Architectonics (1916-1918)
Liubov Popova, set design for 'The Magnanimous Cuckold' (1922)
Alexandra Exter, set design (1920s)
Alexander Rodchenko, Dobrolet (propaganda poster). 1923. Photograph. The Museum of Modern Art, New York.
Liubov Popova, Painterly Architectonics, 1916-1918. Web. 5 Dec. 2011.
Liubov Popova, set design for The Magnanimous Cuckold, 1922. Web. 5 Dec. 2011.
Photograph of the first Constructivist Exhibition, 1921. Wikimedia Commons. Web. 5 Dec. 2011.
Stage set design for a Tragedy, Alexandra Exter, c. 1920s. Web. 5 Dec. 2011
Varvara Stepanova, Designs for Sports Clothing, 1923. New York. Columbia University in the City of New York. Web. 5 Dec. 2011.
Bad Girls Club. Perf. Wale. Youtube.com. Universal, 1 Nov 2011. Web. 4 Dec 2011.
Berger, John “Ways of Seeing” YouTube.com 15 Mar 2008. 4 Dec 2011
Crew, 2 Live. “As Bad As They Wanna Be” Luke Records. 1989. CD.
Daily, Joy “Wale’s New Video ‘Pretty Girls’ only features Light Skinned Girls…” Youtube.com. Feb 9, 2010. Web. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wsFxtIxRqJA&feature=player_embedded
Dre, Dr “The Next Episode.” Chronic 2001. Interscope. 2000. CD.
Emerson, R. A. ""Where My Girls At?": Negotiating Black Womanhood in Music Videos."Gender & Society 16.1 (2002): 115-35. Print
Eminem “Kim.” Marshall Mathers LP. Interscope. 1999. CD
Hooks, Bell. "Chapter 7." In Black Looks: Race and Representation. Boston: South End, 1992. 115-31. Print.
P.I.M.P. Perf 50 Cent. YouTube.com. Interscope. 16 Jun 2009. Web. 4 Dec 2011.
Pretty Girls. Perf. Wale. Youtube.com. Interscope. 22 Feb. 2010. Web. 4 Dec. 2011.
Right Thurr. Perf. Chingy. YouTube.com. Capitol. 11 Feb, 2011. Web. 4 Dec 2011
Roots, The. “What They Do.” Illadelph Halflife. Geffen. 1996. CD
West, Kanye “My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy.” Def Jam. 2010. CD
What They Do. Perf. The Roots. YouTube.com. Geffen. 5 Oct. 2009. Web 4 Dec 2011
For my final project I researched and compiled 3 Major sources of social inspirations that have helped women artists all over the world. I have compared and contrasted these sources with trends in the past and I have analyzed how much of these trends have inspired artists to create art in a different ways as opposed to not being exposed to these major sources of inspirations. The three major social sources of inspiration that are discussed in the article are family, university and the way religion is accepted in society.